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Leaps, jumps and hops
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Split leap forward (leg separation 180°) 

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Split leap forward (leg separation 180°) one leg contracted 

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Leap forward with 1/4 (90°) turn into straddle pike position with 1/1 (360°) turn 

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"tour jeté"

tour jeté

Fouette Hop with leg change to cross split (leg separation 180°) to land on one foot 

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Tuck jump with separation of legs to cross split (180°) during flight phase 

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Butterfly forward torso parallel to floor, slightly arched, legs straddled and feet above hip height during flight 

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Butterfly backward torso parallel to floor, slightly arched, legs straddled and feet at or slightly below hip height during flight. 

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Leap forward with 1/4 (90°) turn into straddle pike position (both legs above horizontal) 

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Leap forward with 1/4 (90°) turn into side split to land on one or both feet 

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Johnson

Switch Leap with 1/4 turn (90°) to side split 

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Johnson

Switch Leap with 1/4 turn (90°) to straddle pike position (both legs above horizontal) 

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Switch Leap with 1/2 (180°) turn in flight phase 

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Johnson with additional 1/2 (180°) turn 

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Switch Leap with 1/1 (360°) turn in flight phase 

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Johnson with additional 1/1 (360°) turn 

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Stride leap forward with change of legs to wolf position 

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"switch jump"

switch jump

Leap forward with leg change (free leg swing to 45°) to cross split (180° separation < after leg change) 

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Switch leap to ring position (180° separation of legs) 

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Switch leap to Ring position with 1/2 (180°) turn 

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Pike jump (hip < 90°) 

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"sheep jump"

sheep jump

Jump with upper back arch and head release with feet almost touching head 

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Pike jump (hip < 90°) with 1/1 (360°) turn 

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Side split jump (leg separation 180°) 

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Hop with 1/1 (360°) turn to straddle and land in front lying support 

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Hop with 3/2 (540°) turn in horizontal plane to land in front lying support 

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"Sissone"

Sissone

Leg separation 180°on the diagonal/45°to the floor (take off two feet, land on one foot) 

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"Ring jump"

Ring jump

Rear foot at head height, body arched and head dropped backward, 180° separation of legs 

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"Stag ring jump"

Stag ring jump

Rear foot at head height, body arched and head dropped backward 

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Split ring jump (180° separation of legs) 

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Split ring leap (180° separation of legs) 

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Split leap with 1/1 (360) turn or more to ring position 

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Split jump with 1/1 (360) turn or more to ring position 

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Leap with alternate leg change (knees above horizontal) 

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Fouetté-hop to land in arabesque (free leg above horizontal) 

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Hop with 1/2 (180°) turn free leg extended above horizontal throughout 

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Hop with 1/1 (360°) turn, free leg extended above horizontal throughout 

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Tour jeté to ring position 

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Side split leap with 1/1 (360°) turn  

Stretched hop or jump
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Stretched hop or jump with 1/1 (360°) turn 

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Stretched hop or jump with 2/1 (720°) turn 

Tuck hop or jump
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Tuck hop or jump with 1/1 (360°) turn 

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Tuck hop or jump with 2/1 (720°) turn 

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Tuck hop or jump with 2/1 (720°) turn landing in front lying support 

Side split jump
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Side split jump landing in front lying support 

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Side split jump landing in front lying support with 1/2 (180°) turn 

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Side split jump with 1/1 (360°) turn landing in front lying support 

Split leap or jump
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Split leap with 1/2 (180°) turn 

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Split leap with 1/1 (360°) turn 

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Split leap with 3/2 (540°) turn or more 

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Split leap with 1/1 (360°) turn to land in split sit position 

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Split Jump with 1/2 (180°) turn 

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Split Jump with 1/1 (360°) turn 

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Split Jump with 3/2 (540°) turn or more 

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Split jump (leg separation 180°) 

Straddle pike jump
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Straddle pike jump (both legs above horizontal) 

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Straddle pike or side split jump with 1/2 (180°) turn 

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Straddle pike or side split jump with 1/1 (360°) turn 

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Straddle pike or side split jump with 3/2 (540°) turn or more 

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Straddle pike (both legs above horizontal) landing in front lying support 

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Straddle pike (both legs above horizontal) landing in front lying support with 1/2 (180°) turn 

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Straddle pike (both legs above horizontal) jump with 1/1 (360°) turn landing in front lying support 

Stag jump
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Stag jump 

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Stag jump with 1/2 (180°) turn 

Cat jump
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"Cat leap"

Cat leap

Leap with alternate leg change (knees above horizontal) with 1/1 (360°) turn 

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Cat leap with 2/1 turn ( 720°) 

Wolf jump
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"Wolf jump"

Wolf jump

Hop or jump with one leg bent and the other – extended straight, forward above horizontal with knees together 

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Wolf hop or jump with 1/1 (360°) turn 

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Wolf hop or jump with 1/1 (360°) turn landing in front lying support 

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Wolf hop or jump with 2/1 (720°) turn 


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Turns
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1/1 (360°) turn on one leg – free leg optional below horizontal 

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2/1 (720°) turn on one leg – free leg optional below horizontal 

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3/1 (1080°) turn on one leg – free leg optional below horizontal 

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4/1 turn (1440°) or more on one leg – free leg optional below horizontal 

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1/1 (360°) turn with heel of free leg forward at horizontal throughout turn (support and free leg may be straight or bent) 

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1/1 (360°) turn with heel of free leg forward at horizontal throughout turn with free leg held (support and free leg may be straight or bent) 

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2/1 (720°) turn with heel of free leg forward at horizontal throughout turn (support and free leg may be straight or bent) 

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2/1 (720°) turn with heel of free leg forward at horizontal throughout turn with free leg held (support and free leg may be straight or bent) 

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1/1 (360°) turn with free leg held upward in 180° split position throughout turn 

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2/1 (720°) turn with free leg held upward in 180° split position throughout turn 

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3/1 turn (1080) or more with free leg held upward in 180° split position throughout turn 

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1/1 (360°) turn in back attitude (knee of free leg at horizontal throughout turn) 

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2/1 (720°) turn in back attitude (knee of free leg at horizontal throughout turn) 

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1/1 illusion (360°) turn through standing split without touching floor with hand 

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2/1 spin (720°) or more on back in kip position (hip-leg < closed) 

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1/1 (360°) turn with free leg held backward-upward throughout turn 

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2/1 (720°) illusion turn through standing split without touching floor with hand 

Turn in tuck stand
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1/1 (360°) turn in tuck stand on one leg - free leg straight 

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1/1 (360°) turn in tuck stand on one leg - free leg bent 

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2/1 (720°) turn in tuck stand on one leg – free leg bent 

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2/1 (720°) turn in tuck stand on one leg - free leg straight throughout turn (no turn initiation with a push from hands on floor) 

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3/1 (1080°) turn or more in tuck stand on one leg - free leg straight throughout turn (no turn initiation with a push from hands on floor) 


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Handstand elements
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Jump kick to handstand – return movement optional  

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Jump kick to handstand with 1/2 (180°) – return movement optional  

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Jump kick to handstand with 1/1 (360°) turn – return movement optional 

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Press to handstand – return movement optional  

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Press to handstand with 1/2 (180°) – return movement optional  

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Press to handstand with 1/1 (360°) turn – return movement optional 

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Jump kick to handstand with 3/2 (540°) turn – return movement optional 

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Jump kick to handstand with 2/1 (720°) turn – return movement optional 

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Press to handstand with 3/2 (540°) turn – return movement optional 

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Press to handstand with 2/1 (720°) turn – return movement optional 

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Roll backward to handstand with 1/2 (180°) turn in handstand 

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Roll backward to handstand with 1/1 (360°) turn in handstand 

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Roll backward to handstand with 3/2 (540°) turn in handstand 

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Roll backward to handstand with 2/1 (720°) turn in handstand 

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Extended tuck-sit to handstand with 1/1 (360°) turn in handstand – return movement optional 


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Jump forward
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Hecht roll 

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Handspring forward, take-off from one leg or Flyspring forward – with or without hecht phase before hand support – landing optional 

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Handspring forward, take-off from both legs – with or without hecht phase before hand support – landing optional 

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Handspring forward with 1/1 (360°) twist after hand support 

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Handspring forward with 1/1 (360°) twist before hand support 

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Free (aerial) walkover forward 


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Salto forward
Salto forward tucked
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Salto forward tucked 

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Salto forward tucked with 1/2 (180°) twist 

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Salto forward tucked with 1/1 (360°) twist 

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Salto forward tucked with 3/2 (540°) twist  

Salto forward piked
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Salto forward piked 

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Salto forward piked with 1/2 (180°) twist 

Salto forward stretched
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Salto forward stretched 

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Salto forward stretched with legs apart 

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Salto forward stretched with 1/2 (180°) twist 

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Salto forward stretched with 1/1 (360°) twist 

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Salto forward stretched with 3/2 (540°) twist 

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Salto forward stretched with 2/1 (720°) twist 

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Salto forward stretched with 5/2 (900°) twist 


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Double salto forward
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Double salto forward tucked 

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Double salto forward tucked with 1/2 (180°) twist 

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Double salto forward piked 


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Jump backward
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Walkover backward from stand with 1/1 (360°) turn in handstand – return movement optional 

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Jump backward with 1/2 (180°) twist to handspring forward – landing optional 

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Round-off 

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All flic-flac variations 

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All gainer flic-flac variations 

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All flic-flac variations with support of one arm 

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All gainer flic-flac variations with support of one arm 

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Flic-flac with 1/1 (360°) twist before hand support 

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Free (aerial) round-off 


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Salto backward
Salto backward tucked
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Salto backward tucked 

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Salto backward tucked with 1/1 (360°) twist 

Salto backward piked
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Salto backward piked 

Salto backward stretched
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Salto backward stretched 

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Salto backward stretched with 1/2 (180°) twist 

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Salto backward stretched with 1/1 (360°) twist 

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Salto backward stretched with 3/2 (540°) twist 

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Salto backward stretched with 2/1 (720°) twist 

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Salto backward stretched with 5/2 (900°) twist 

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Salto backward stretched with 3/1 (1080°) twist 

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Salto backward stretched with 7/2 (1260°) twist 

Whip salto backward
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Whip salto backward 

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Whip salto backward with 1/2 (180°) twist 

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Whip salto backward with 1/1 (360°) twist 


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Double salto backward
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Double salto backward tucked 

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Double salto backward piked 

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Double salto backward tucked with 1/1 (360°) twist 

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Double salto backward piked with 1/1 (360°) twist 

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Double salto backward tucked with 2/1 (720°) twist 

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Double salto backward stretched 

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Double Salto backward stretched with 1/2 (180°) twist 

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Double salto backward stretched with 1/1 (360°) twist 

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Double Salto backward stretched with 2/1 (720°) twist 


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Arabian style jumps
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Arabian (backward take-off) with 1/4 (90°) twist – free (aerial) cartwheel – continuing with 1/4 (90°) twist to front lying support 

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Arabian salto tucked – landing optional 

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Arabian salto piked – landing optional 

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Arabian double salto tucked 

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Arabian double salto tucked with 1/2 (180°) twist 

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Arabian double salto piked 

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Arabian double salto stretched 


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Elements sideways
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Free (aerial) cartwheel 

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From take-off forward from one or both legs – salto sideways tucked 

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From take-off forward from one or both legs – salto sideways piked